# Functional Accessibility Requirements

## Table of contents

## 5. Generic requirements

#### 5.1.2 General

#### 5.1.3 Non-visual access

#### 5.1.6 Operation without keyboard interface

### 5.3: Biometrics

Where ICT uses biological characteristics, it shall not rely on the use of a particular biological characteristic as the only means of user identification or for control of ICT.

#### 5.6.2 Visual status

When ICT has a locking or toggle control and the control is non-visually presented to the user, the ICT shall provide at least one mode of operation where the status of the control can be visually determined when the control is presented.

### 5.9: Simultaneous user actions

Where ICT uses simultaneous user actions for its operation, such ICT shall provide at least one mode of operation that does not require simultaneous user actions to operate the ICT.

## 8. Hardware

#### 8.1.1 Generic requirements

#### 8.2.1 Speech volume gain

#### 8.2.2 Magnetic coupling

#### 8.3.2 Clear floor or ground space

#### 8.3.2.1 Change in level

Where there is a change in floor level that is integral to the ICT then it shall be ramped with a slope no steeper than 1:48.

## Exceptions:

a) If the change in floor level is less than or equal to 6,4 mm (¼ inch) the change may be vertical as shown in Figure 1.

**Figure 1: Vertical change in level**

b) If the change in floor level is less than or equal to 13 mm (½ inch) the change may have a slope not steeper than 1:2 as shown in Figure 2.

**Figure 2: Bevelled change in level**

#### 8.3.2.3 Approach

#### 8.3.2.3.1 General

Where the access space is integral to the ICT, at least one full side of the space shall be unobstructed.

#### 8.3.2.3.2 Forward approach

Where the operating area is inside an alcove integral to the ICT, the alcove is deeper than 610 mm (24 inches), and where a forward approach is necessary, the dimension of the access space should be a minimum of 915 mm (36 inches) wide. This is shown in Figure 4.

**Figure 4: Manoeuvring Clearance in an Alcove, Forward Approach**

#### 8.3.2.3.3 Parallel approach

Where the operating area is inside an alcove integral to the ICT, the alcove is deeper than 380 mm (15 inches), and where a parallel approach is possible, the dimension of the access space should be a minimum of 1 525 mm (60 inches) wide. This is shown in Figure 5.

**Figure 5: Manoeuvring Clearance in an Alcove, Parallel Approach**

#### 8.3.2.4 Knee and toe clearance width

Where the space under an obstacle that is integral to the ICT is part of access space, the clearance should be at least 760 mm (30 inches) wide.

#### 8.3.2.5 Toe clearance

Where an obstacle is integral to the ICT, a space under the obstacle that is less than 230 mm (9 inches) above the floor is considered toe clearance and should:

a) extend 635 mm (25 inches) maximum under the whole obstacle;

b) provide a space at least 430 mm (17 inches) deep and 230 mm above the floor under the obstacle;

c) extend no more than 150 mm (6 inches) beyond any obstruction at 230 mm (9 inches) above the floor.

This is shown in Figure 6.

**Figure 6: Toe clearance**

#### 8.3.2.6 Knee clearance

Where an obstacle is integral to the ICT, the space under the obstacle that is between 230 mm and 685 mm above the floor is considered knee clearance and should:

a) extend no more than 635 mm (25 inches) under the obstacle at a height of 230 mm (9 inches) above the floor;

b) extend at least 280 mm (11 inches) under the obstacle at a height of 230 mm (9 inches) above the floor;

c) extend at least 205 mm (8 inches) under the obstacle at a height of 685 mm (27 inches) above the floor;

d) be between 230 mm (9 inches) and 685 mm (27 inches) above the floor be permitted to be reduced in depth at a rate of 25 mm (1 inch) for each 150 mm (6 inches) in height.

This is shown in Figure 7.

**Figure 7: Knee clearance**

#### 8.3.3 Reach range for ICT

#### 8.3.3.1 Forward reach

#### 8.3.3.1.1 Unobstructed high forward reach

Where the access space is integral to the ICT and the forward reach is unobstructed, the essential controls should be located no higher than 1 220 mm (48 inches) above the floor of the access space. This is shown in Figure 8.

**Figure 8: Unobstructed forward reach**

#### 8.3.3.1.2 Unobstructed low forward reach

When the access space is integral to the ICT and the forward reach is unobstructed, the essential controls shall be located no lower than 380 mm (15 inches) above the floor of the access space. This is shown in Figure 8.

**Figure 8: Unobstructed forward reach**

#### 8.3.3.1.3 Obstructed reach

#### 8.3.3.1.3.1 Clear floor space

Where the access space is integral to the ICT and has an obstruction which is integral to the ICT which hinders the access to any essential controls, the ICT should provide a clear floor space which extends beneath the obstructing element for a distance not less than the required reach depth over the obstruction.

#### 8.3.3.1.3.2 Obstructed (< 510 mm) forward reach

Where the access space is integral to the ICT and has an obstruction which is integral to the ICT and which is less than 510 mm (20 inches), the forward reach to all essential controls should be no higher than 1 220 mm (48 inches) above the floor contact of the ICT. This is shown in Figure 9 (a).

**Figure 9: Obstructed high reach**

#### 8.3.3.1.3.3 Obstructed (< 635 mm) forward reach

Where the access space is integral to the ICT and has an obstruction which is integral to the ICT and which is greater than 510 mm (20 inches) and less than 635 mm (25 inches) maximum, the forward reach to all essential controls should be no higher than 1 120 mm (44 inches) above the floor contact of the ICT. This is shown in Figure 9 (b).

**Figure 9: Obstructed high reach**

#### 8.3.3.2 Side reach

#### 8.3.3.2.1 Unobstructed high side reach

Where the access space is integral to the ICT, allows a parallel approach, and the side reach is unobstructed or obstructed by an element integral to the ICT which is less than 255 mm (10 inches), all essential controls should be within a high side reach which is less than or equal to 1 220 mm (48 inches) above the floor of the access space. This is shown in Figure 10.

**Figure 10: Unobstructed side reach**

#### 8.3.3.2.2 Unobstructed low side reach

Where the access space is integral to the ICT, allows a parallel approach, and the side reach is unobstructed or obstructed by an element integral to the ICT which is less than 255 mm (10 inches), all essential controls should be within a low side reach which is greater than or equal to 380 mm (15 inches) above the floor of the access space. This is shown in Figure 10.

**Figure 10: Unobstructed side reach**

#### 8.3.3.2.3 Obstructed side reach

#### 8.3.3.2.3.1 Obstructed (<= 255 mm) side reach

Where the access space is integral to the ICT, allows a parallel approach and has an obstruction which is integral to the ICT, the height of the obstruction should be less than 865 mm (34 inches). Where the depth of the obstruction is less than or equal to 255 mm (10 inches), the high side reach to all essential controls should be no higher than 1 220 mm (48 inches) above the floor of the access space. This is shown in Figure 11 (a).

**Figure 11: Obstructed high side reach**

#### 8.3.3.2.3.2 Obstructed (<= 610 mm) side reach

Where the access space is integral to the ICT, allows a parallel approach and has an obstruction which is integral to the ICT, the height of the obstruction should be less than 865 mm (34 inches). Where the depth of the obstruction is greater than 255 mm (10 inches) and 610 mm (24 inches) maximum, the high side reach to all essential controls should be no higher than 1 170 mm (46 inches) above the floor of the access space. This is shown in Figure 11 (b).

**Figure 11: Obstructed high side reach**

#### 8.3.4 Visibility

Where the operating area is integral to the ICT, and a display screen is provided, information on the screen should be legible from a point located 1 015 mm (40 inches) above the centre of the floor of the operating area (as defined in clause 8.3.2.2).

#### 8.3.5 Installation instructions

Where an ICT is intended to be installed, instructions should be made available which outline a method to install the ICT in a manner that ensures that the dimensions of the integral spaces of the ICT conform to clauses 8.3.2 to 8.3.4.